The IOE full form in Science and Technology or Engineering in Nepal is the Institute of Engineering. IOE is the most commonly used abbreviated form of the Institute of Engineering. Institute of Engineering (IOE) is the oldest, largest, and most popular university in Nepal.
When was the IOE formed first and founded?
The Institute of Engineering (IOE) was formed under Tribhuvan University after the introduction of the New Education System Plan in 1972 B.S. in the country Nepal and both the Nepal Engineering Institute and Technical Training Institute were brought under the Institute of Engineering.
Institute of Engineering (IOE) was reformed to present shape in 1972 B.S. and The Institute of Engineering(IOE) was formally founded in 1930 A.D. and 19 Falgun 1987 B.S. as Nepal’s first technical school. It is a more than 80 years old university in Nepal.
When was Pulchowk Campus founded?
Nepal Engineering Institute was renamed as Pulchowk Campus and Technical Training Institute was renamed as Thapathali Campus. Followed by the government policy of expanding engineering education.
The Purwanchal campus was established in 1977 B.S at Dharan in the eastern part of the country under the financial assistance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The academic programs began in 1984 with the technical assistance of overseas development assistance (ODA), an organ of the British government. Initially, trade courses and proficiency level courses in various engineering areas were offered on the campus.
When was Thapathali Campus founded?
In 1963 B.S. the technical training institute was established in Thapathali under the assistance of the German Government offering an overseer course in mechanical and electrical engineering.
When was Paschimanchal Campus founded?
Similarly, Paschimanchal Campus was established in 1981 at Pokhara in the western region of Nepal under the financial assistance of the World Bank and the technical assistance of UNDP/ILO. This campus was brought into operation in 1987. Initially, various trades and technician courses were offered at this campus.
History of Engineering in Nepal
In the historical period, there was more informal technical education, transferring technology from generation to generation through experiences. The great legend Balabahu (Araniko) was the architect of the 13th century, well-known for establishing the new history of pagoda architecture in China.
Vocational education was very much popular in Kathmandu valley during the Malla period as a tool to increase revenue. There was a special degree for citizens to learn some kind of skills and involve in production and business. Malla period was famous for handicrafts.
It was the golden period for all types of architecture. The kings from parts other than the valley were also found to be cautious on the importance of technical works. During the Rana dynasty (1846-1950) Mr Bir Shamsher was found to be aware of the technical education for the development of the country.
As a result of this, his son, Gehendra Shamsher, along with other 5 students were sent to Japan for higher engineering study. They were the pioneer engineers taking formal engineering degrees in modern engineering education in Nepal.
Formal Education from IOE
Institute of engineering begin bachelor courses in engineering in 1978B.S., a master course in 1996 B.S., and doctoral program from 2003 B.S. By now, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral programs are run in Central campus Pulchowk.
Bachelor’s courses are run in the Thapathali campus, Purwanchal campus, and Paschimanchal campus. IOE is in the process of strengthening bachelor courses and consolidating master and doctoral programs. IOE is now delivering its services from four constituent campuses and ten affiliated colleges.